|Fig. 18-13 Jet lift with swivelling nozzles.|
20. This method consists of having propulsion engines which can be mechanically swiveled closed through at least 90 degrees to provide thrust vectoring (fig. 18-13). In addition to these propulsion engines, one or more lift engines may be installed to provide supplementary lift during the take-off and landing phase of flight.
21. The swivelling engine system can only be used with two or more engines. This then introduces the problem of safety in the event of an engine failure. So, although there is only a small weight penalty and no increase in fuel consumption, safety considera- tions tend to offset these advantages compared to some of the other powered lift systems. The normal method of providing aircraft control at low speeds is by differential throttling and vectoring of the engines which simplifies the basic engine design but makes the control system more complex.